Step-by-step through an IVF cycle
Infertility is explained as being unprotected naturally and not being able to get pregnant for more than 1 year despite regular intercourse. Also, couples who could not carry a pregnancy to the end, namely those who lost after being pregnant, are included in this definition.
However, new methods offered by today’s advanced technologies to medicine serve hope for couples who cannot have children in normal ways. One of the most used methods in this regard is IVF (in vitro fertilization).
Infertility, which says that couples are treated when they think they are desperate, is a process that can only be achieved through the harmonious work of a professional team.
Couple’s meeting with the doctor
The first interview is one of the most important steps of the treatment, in which the causes of infertility are explained, and the patient is informed about the tests for diagnosis. In this first examination, the man must be present.
When coming to the best IVF specialist doctor in Patna, he/she should bring all of the patient’s examinations, uterine film, previous operations or previous infertility treatments, if any.
In addition, if couples have a different problem such as heart disease, diabetes, and thyroid, reports, and information about them should be sent to the doctor. There is no obligation to be on a certain day of menstruation for the first examination.
After detailed gynecological examination and ultrasonography, the smear test is taken if not done within the last 1 year, if necessary, additional tests may be requested.
When the doctor deems it necessary, interviews are planned with the geneticist, urologist, embryologist, psychologist, nutrition and metabolism specialist, and the general condition of the patient is evaluated together.
Here, the goal is to choose the appropriate treatment for the patient by revealing the causes of infertility and to apply the treatment at the appropriate time and with the appropriate technique.
Step 1: Day 1 of your period
The first official day of your IVF treatment cycle is day 1 of your period. Everyone’s body is different, and your fertility nurse will help you understand how to identify day 1.
Step 2: Stimulating your ovaries
For this, it is necessary to come on the second or third day of menstruation. Before ultrasound treatment, the final condition of the ovaries is evaluated. Depending on the condition of the patient, hormone values for that day can also be checked.
According to the results, the doctor can give some hormone medications and provide information to stimulate the ovaries in order to provide a large number of eggs.
Step 3: Egg retrieval
Eggs, which reach a certain size after hormonal treatment, are collected vaginally under anesthesia with a short-term surgical procedure, the eggs are taken into the laboratory by best IVF specialists in Patna are prepared for microinjection.
Step 4: The sperm
If you’re a couple planning on using fresh sperm, the male will produce a sample the morning of the egg retrieval. If you are using frozen or donor sperm, our scientists will have it ready in the lab.
The sperm is graded using 4 different levels of quality. It’s washed in a special mixture to slow it down so our scientists can spot the best ones under the microscope. A perfect, healthy sperm is not too fat or thin, with a tail that’s not too long or short. The best sperm are selected, and they’re ready and waiting in the lab to be introduced to the eggs.
Step 5: Fertilization
Your fertility specialist gives our scientists the eggs they have retrieved, still in the fluid from the follicles of the ovaries. The scientists use powerful microscopes to find the eggs in the fluid so they can be removed.
It’s important the eggs are fertilised quickly. The eggs and some sperm are placed in a dish. They have the chance to find each other and fertilise like they would naturally within your body.
Step 6: Embryo development
It constitutes the shortest but most important stage of treatment. Anesthesia is used in very rare cases in this procedure, which generally does not feel pain and pain.
The embryo, which reaches a certain maturity between 2 and 6 days after egg collection (OPU) according to its number and development, age, past trials, and many other data, is placed in the uterus with the help of special catheters.
Drug treatment after transfer
Drug therapy is applied to support the embryo to hold in the uterus after transfer.
After the transfer, a pregnancy test is done with Beta HCG on the 12th day in the fresh cycles (menstrual cycle) and the 15th day in the frozen cycles.